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Phonics Scheme

Spelling & Phonics 


In the Foundation Stage and Year 1, spelling is taught through daily, discrete, Phonics lessons based on Letters and Sounds. This is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education in 2007. It aims to build children’s speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their own phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children from the age of 5, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age 7.   


The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers.  



Phonic Knowledge and Skills 

Phase One(Nursery/Reception) 

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting. 

Phase Two(Reception) up to 6 weeks 

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions. 

Phase Three(Reception) up to 12 weeks 

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language. 

Phase Four(Reception) 4 to 6 weeks 

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump. 

Phase Five(Throughout Year 1) 

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know. 


Read, Write, Inc

From Year 2, children are taught spelling through the Read Write Incspelling scheme. Information  about this scheme and practical advice for parents can be found here:  




In addition, children take part in spelling investigations and games to consolidate their understanding of spelling conventions.  


Children following the Read Write Inc scheme each have a spelling log book to be taken home every day so that they can practiseregularly. They may also be given additional word lists, linked with their Read Write Inc lessons, to share with parents and guardians. 


Where children need additional support to become more confident spellers, they have targeted support working with an adult to revise and consolidate spelling rules. In upper key stage 2, we use the Rising Stars WordBlaze scheme which aims to improve reading fluency, embed letter patterns and widen vocabulary.